Situated in the Aegean Sea close to the Turkish mainland, Kos Island is the third largest Dodecanese island. Green and fertile, it lies between Nisyros and Kalymnos.
Kos Town is the island’s capital, as well as an ancient port, and features plenty of bars and restaurants. The town is also studded with historic sites that reflect on the island’s past inhabitants – Egyptians, Romans, Venetians, Ottomans and the Knights of St. John. There are ruins of the Roman baths and amphitheatre, and an enormous 15th century castle built by the Knights of St. John still stands.
Kardamena Village on the south coast of the island, is one of the most popular resorts among British tourists.
Kefalos Village is quieter than other parts of Kos. Perched on a hillside, the village has a nice, long beach and serves up a relaxing experience to visitors. Despite its popularity, the village remains traditionally Greek with whitewashed houses and narrow alleys.
Kos enjoys a warm, sunny Mediterranean climate with long, hot summers and short, but rainy winters. Temperatures typically hover around 25 C (77 F) June through September, and these are the warmest months in Kos. December through March usually feature temperatures between 11 C (53 F) to 13 C (55 F) and are the coolest months on the island.
In general, sunny weather lasts from May to October in Kos, while rain and lower temperatures settle in from November through March or April.
July and August are peak season in Kos and crowds (particularly beach-goers) will likely be plentiful during this time. These months are generally the hottest, most humid and the busiest.
The off season typically runs from November to March, when the weather is cooler and can be wet. May, September and October are good months for a getaway to Kos as the weather is still fairly nice, but crowds are fewer.
Public transportation, taxis, cars, motorbikes and bikes are all feasible modes of transportation on the island. Buses and trains also run to and from various villages on the island. Ferries run between Kos and Turkey, and some of the other Dodecanese islands. Kos Island International Airport is located in the village of Antimachia, 22 km (13 miles) southwest of Kos Town.